How do you use carbon 14 dating
Also, the Sun’s own magnetic field varies with the cycle, and that could change the way cosmic particles bombarded the Earth.
In 1961, Minze Stuiver suggested that longer-term solar variations might account for the inconsistent carbon-14 dates. Libby, for one, cast doubt on the idea, so subversive of the many dates his team had supposedly established with high accuracy.(9) Suess and Stuiver finally pinned down the answer in 1965 by analyzing hundreds of wood samples dated from tree rings.
Some of the carbon-14 might find its way into living creatures.
Comparing the old wood with modern samples, he showed that the fossil carbon could be detected in the modern atmosphere.(5) Through the 1950s and beyond, carbon-14 workers published detailed tables of dates painstakingly derived from samples of a wondrous variety of materials, including charcoal, peat, clamshells, antlers, pine cones, and the stomach contents of an extinct Moa found buried in New Zealand.(6) The measurements were correlated with materials of known dates, such as a well-documented mummy or a log from the roof of an old building (where tree rings gave an accurate count of years).
The results were then compared with traditional time sequences derived from glacial deposits, cores of clay from the seabed, and so forth.
One application was a timetable of climate changes for tens of thousands of years back.
Many of the traditional chronologies turned out to be far less accurate than scientists had believed a bitter blow for some who had devoted decades of their lives to the work.It was an anxious time for scientists whose reputation for accurate work was on the line.